马来西亚婆罗洲 Malaysia Borneo


View Snail-WORKS' waterfall journey in a larger map

View Snail-WORKS' waterfall journey in a larger map

View Snail-WORKS' waterfall journey in a larger map

以上显示的是Snailworks和友人曾到过的瀑布记录,只需在蓝色座标上点击,就可看到略图。

 

Here's the map shown the waterfalls had been visited by Snailworks & friends. Just click on the blue mark for thumbnail.


马来西亚婆罗洲,也就是东马,简单的就是沙巴和砂捞越。位于马来半岛东边,中间隔着了个南中国海。与西马相比,人数较稀少,经济也较不发达,但她却拥有丰富的天然资源,如石油和天然气。总面积是200,565平方公里。占马来西亚总面积的60%

 

婆罗洲始于一个在海底的小火山。经过千万年的火山爆发和地势改造,成就了今天的婆罗洲,世界第三大岛屿。越两个日本国土的面积。这个岛上共有三个国家,分别是马来西亚,印尼和文莱。

 

婆罗洲的地势基本上是陡峭高山和偏僻的河谷。就算到了今天,险恶的地势还是阻碍了经济的发展,大部分的面积还是处于原始森林的状态。许多内陆地区还依赖着水路来与外界联系。

 

马来西亚最高峰,Kinabalu山(4095米),马来西亚两条最长的河,Rajang河和Kinabatangan河也在此。

East Malaysia, also known as Malaysian Borneo or simply Sabah and Sarawak, is the part of Malaysia located on the island of Borneo. It consists of the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, as and the Federal Territory of Labuan. It lies to the east from Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia), which is located on the Malay Peninsula. The two are separated by the South China Sea. While East Malaysia is less populated and less developed than West Malaysia, its land mass is larger and it has notably more natural resources, chiefly oil and gas reserves.

 

The island of Borneo started as a single volcano beneath the sea. Millions of years ago, it erupted. Over time, smaller eruptions and earthquakes joined land together to form an island. Today, Borneo is the third largest island in the world. It is twice the size of Japan. Three countries share the island: Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei.

 

Borneo’s landscape is made up of steep mountains and remote river valleys. Even today, much of Borneo is so rugged that it has not been explored. The landscape of East Malaysia is mostly lowland rain forests with areas of mountain rain forest towards the interior regions. The total area of East Malaysia is 200,565 km2, representing approximately 61% of the total land area of Malaysia and 27% of the total area of Borneo. East Malaysia contains the five highest mountains in Malaysia – the highest being Mount Kinabalu at 4,095 m, which is also the highest mountain in Borneo and the 10th highest mountain peak in Southeast Asia. It also contains the two longest rivers in Malaysia - Rajang River and Kinabatangan River.

 

Borneo is very rich in biodiversity compared to many other areas (MacKinnon et al. 1998). There are about 15,000 species of flowering plants with 3,000 species of trees (267 species are dipterocarps), 221 species of terrestrial mammals and 420 species of resident birds in Borneo (MacKinnon et al. 1998). It is also the centre of evolution and radiation of many endemic species of plants and animals.