Sabah, "Land Below the Wind", given to Sabah simply because it is located below the typhoon belt, thus setting the State free from climatic disturbances.
Sabah situated at the northern part of Borneo, caressed by the South China Sea on its west, Sulu and Celebes seas on its eastern coastline, seems almost unfairly blessed with nature’s beauty.
With its timeless rainforest and captivating ancient caves, alluring beaches and idyllic islands, it encapsulates the very best of the third largest island in the world. Home to 32 different
indigenous groups that consist of over 30 ethnic races, Sabah is often described as the people that makes visiting Sabah so special.
The terrain of Sabah is generally hilly and mountainous. The western part of Sabah is dominated by the 50 km wide, 1,200 to 1,800 m high Crocker Range, which stretches from the Sarawak border in the southwestern corner the Kinabalu massif at its northern end in Mount Kinabalu. Between the Crocker Range and the sea on the west coast is an extensive, heavily populated coastal plain with hills reaching down to the sea in many places.
Standing at 4,093.37m tall, Mount Kinabalu is the focal point of Kinabalu Park and the pride of Sabah.
The Maliau Basin is one of the most spectacular and pristine natural features in Malaysia. The Basin is almost unvisited and completely uninhabited by man. It is located in south-central Sabah, about 40 km. north of the Indonesian border at between 116° 40' - 117° 2' and 4° 40' 4° 50' N. While all of this region is rugged, remote and forested, the Maliau Basin is distinguished by its steep slope up to 1,500m. in height, making it insurmountable on foot from most directions. The size of the enclosed Basin is 390 sq. km. with a maximum diameter of 25 km. The highest point is Mt. Lotung, on the north rim which is about 1,900 m elevation.
It is drained by a set of radiating tributaries of the Maliau River, one of which descends a series of waterfalls, known as the Maliau Falls.